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Which World War 2 Figure Signed The Munich Agreement

On 14 March, Slovakia separated from Czechoslovakia and became a separate pro-Nazi state. The next day, The Carpathian Ukraine also proclaimed its independence, but after three days it was fully occupied and annexed by Hungary. Czechoslovakian President Emil Hecha visited Berlin and waited and invasion orders had already been issued. During the meeting with Hitler, he was threatened with bombing Prague if he refused to charge Czech troops to lay down their arms. This message triggered a heart attack which he was revived by an injection from Hitler`s doctor. He then declared himself ready to sign the communiqué accepting the German occupation of the rest of Bohemia and Moravia, « which was remarkable for the Nazis in his ignorant contempt. » [91] Churchill`s prediction came true when the German armies invaded Prague and occupied the rest of the country, transformed into the protectorate of the Empire. In March 1939, Konstantin von Neurath was appointed protector of the Reich and served as Hitler`s personal representative in the protectorate. Immediately after the occupation began a wave of arrests, including from german refugees, Jews and Czech public figures. In November, Jewish children were expelled from their schools and their parents were dismissed from their jobs. Universities and higher education institutions have been closed following protests against the occupation of Czechoslovakia. More than 1,200 students were sent to concentration camps and nine student leaders were executed on 17 November (International Student Day). In Germany, the Sudetenland crisis led to the so-called Easter Conspiracy.

General Hans Oster, the deputy chief of defence, and prominent figures in the German army, resisted the regime for its behaviour which threatened to drag Germany into a war they believed was incapable of fighting. They discussed the fall of Hitler and the regime through a plan to assault the Reich Chancellery by forces loyal to the conspiracy. The American historian William L. Shirer estimated in his « Rise and Fall of the Third Reich » (1960) that Czechoslovakia, although Hitler was not bluffing about its intention to invade, could have resisted considerably. Shirer believed that Britain and France had sufficient air defence to avoid severe bombing of London and Paris, and could have waged a swift and fruitful war against Germany. [66] He quotes Churchill as saying that the agreement means that « Britain and France are in a much worse position than Hitler`s Germany. » [61] After personally inspecting the Czech fortifications, Hitler privately told Joseph Goebbels that « we shed a lot of blood » and that it was fortunate that there had been no fighting. [67] … The solution to the Czechoslovakian problem that has just been found is, in my opinion, only the prelude to a larger colony in which all Europe can find peace.

This morning I had another meeting with the German Chancellor, Mr. Hitler, and this is the document that bears his name, as well as mine. Some of you may have already heard what it contains, but I`d just like to read it to you: ` … We consider the agreement signed last night and the Anglo-German naval agreement as a symbol of the desire of our two peoples never to go to war again. [96] James Mahoney, one of the leaders in comparative historical research, identified several in his book Comparative Analysis in the Social Sciences.