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Shillong Merger Agreement

The idea of a voluntary merger is contradicted by those who mark the Shillong Agreement of colonial importance. Communist armed resistance (1949-51), rebellious claims of the 1960s, polemical reviews of the 1970s, and several civilian claims of the 1990s combined to form a theory of forced annexation by India. The annexation theory reached an important milestone in 1993 when a three-day `national` seminar in Imphal decided that the `Indo Manipuri Shillong` agreement signed by the [King] of Manipur and the representative of the Dominion of India on 21 September 1949 had no legality and constitutional validity. » The proceedings and debates of the seminar were published in 1995 under the title « Annexation of Manipur 1949 ». This was followed by the circulation of a pamphlet entitled Why manipuris are fighting for the right to self-determination (National Liberation Front of 1996) and the memorandum of the Revolutionary Popular Fronts, presented in 1996 to the United Nations Decolonization Committee. Added to this are eyewitness accounts of the complex and humiliating events of the annexation, reproduced in the memoirs published in 2005, Shillong 1949 (Anandamohan 2005). His Maharaja sovereignty shall have the right, with effect from that day, to obtain for his life state revenues each year for his pure privilege the sum of the three lakh rupees free of all taxes. This amount is intended to cover all expenses of the sovereign and his family, including expenses related to his staff and armed guards, maintenance of his residences, weddings and other ceremonies, etc. and allowances for the relations of the Sovereign which, at the time of the execution of this Agreement, have received such compensation from the revenues of the State, and shall not be increased or reduced for any reason. The Government of India undertakes that the above-mentioned sum of three Lakh rupees shall be paid to His Highness to the Maharajah in four equal instalments, at the beginning of each quarter, from the State Treasury or to another treasury which may be fixed by the Government of India. His Highness Maharaja will continue to enjoy the same personality rights, privileges, dignities, titles, authority over religious customs, customs, customs, rites and ceremonies and institutions that he would have appreciated in the State if this agreement had not been concluded. Its Maharaja sovereignty is entitled to full ownership, use and enjoyment of all private property (unlike state property) that belongs to it at the time of this agreement. Before the first of January 1950, its Maharaja sovereignty will provide the government with an inventory of all real estate, securities and cash holdings it holds as such.

In the event of a dispute as to whether a property is the private property of its jurisdiction of the Maharajah or the property of the State, it is referred to a qualified bailiff for appointment as a judge of the Supreme Court, and the decision of that official is final and binding on both parties. Provided that the right of His Highness of the Maharajah to the use of the residences known as « Redlands » and « Les Chatalettes » in Shillong and the property of the city of Gauhati, known as « Manipuri Basti », is not called into question. Thus, the State of Manipur exercised internal sovereignty only under the sovereignty of the British crown, until the extinction of British primacy in 1947 with the passage of the Indian Independent Act in 1947. In accordance with section 7 of this act, entitled « Consequences of the construction of the new Dominions », the Indian state, including Manipur, became fully independent and its full sovereignty was revived on 15-8-1947. However, subsection (4) of section 2 of that act left it to those states to bite one of the new Dominions of India and Pakistan. . . .